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Ford Tractor

The Fordson Tractor

In the spring of 1915 Henry Ford announced his intentions to build the long awaited Ford farm tractor
with maximum press coverage. Ford predicting the outrages price of $200 for his tractor Ford's prediction was either a wild off-the-cuff boast or a calculated falsehood, because scrap metal the weight of a Fordson tractor would have been worth more than his predicted price, and later tractor prices never approached the figure, even when Ford was losing $300 on each one sold Nevertheless, Ford continued his bombastic announcements for some time, but no tractors appeared on the market until 1917. Ford's dawdling was finally terminated by intense diplomatic pressure from the British government, which desperately needed tractors for the wartime food effort." Once committed to produce Fordson tractors in England, Ford built them in the United States as well.
john deere tractor
Ford tractor
Ford 8N
 
Fordson Tractor
Henry Ford incorporated his new Henry Ford & Son tractor company in 1917. Ford tested his competitor' s tractors on his family farm and then took them to his new Dearborn plant to be examined by his engineers. Ford wanted his tractors designed to be strong enough to support the entire machine without needing a separate frame. In December of the same year that Fords company was incorporated the company started production of the Fordson tractor. Britain ordered 5,000 Fordsons at $50 above cost, which came to about $700 each. By the spring of 1918 seven thousand Fordsons had been shipped to England. By July 1918, 131 Fordson tractors were rolling out of the Dearborn Ford plant a day and by 1923 production rose to nearly 102,000
Tractor  Construction
Just like the first cars and trucks the very first tractors had frames, on which the engine and transmission and other components were mounted on to. These early tractors were heavy machines using much of their power just to move the tractor when plowing

Right Heavy riveted plate steel frame and running gear of an early Nichols & Shepard Company gas and oil tractor
click on image to enlarged
The first tractor to successfully do without a chassis was the Wallis Cub of 1913, whose engine and transmission were mounted on a distinctive U-shape frame of thick boiler-plate steel. It had great strength and rigidity and provided a backbone for the machine as well as enclosing the mechanical parts from dirt and water. 

The influence of this frameless tractor, carried over to the development the first Ford tractor, the Fordson in 1917. This feature not only made for a clean design, but it also allowed the machine to be built in three separate segments that could be joined in final assembly This and other unique features were the result of designing a tractor specifically for mass production.
Ford Tractor Conversions
Ironically, the first popular Ford Tractor wasn' t a tractor the Ford company or Henry Ford produced instead it was the Ford Model T or Model A car converted into a tractor.

Several companies including the Pullford Company got its Model T tractor conversion to market several years before Henry Ford' s own highly successful Ford tractor, the Fordson The Pullford Company also stayed in business longer than Fordson. These kits became so popular even mail order giants Sears, Roebuck and Co and Montgomery Ward sold the ford tractor kits. Therefore it appears that one of Henry Ford' s toughest competitors in the tractor market was his own popular Model T.
Harry Ferguson invented the simple, effective and economical three-point hitch; however, it was Henry Ford's tractor company that got the invention to the farmer. Ferguson took his drawings to Ford's London representatives and explained his theory that efficient farm mechanization required the implement to become part of the tractor when hitched on, but easily detachable again. This concept changed tractor farming drastically. The Duplex Hitch was attached to the tractor by two sets of struts with one above the other.
click here or on image  to enlarge
The demand for tractors was so great because of war time farming needs that several companies made adaptations for the Ford model T and Ford Model A along with other cars so they could serve as tractors
Ford Tractors
8N Ford Tractors Ford 9N
The first Ford 9N tractor was built in 1939. It used the company's own four-cylinder engine, which carried a 3-3/16 x 3-3/4-inch bore and stroke. The unique feature of the 9N tractor was the fact that it was equipped with Harry Ferguson's unique three-point-hitch system.
 
Ford 8N
Ford 8N tractors made their debut in 1947, with production continuing until 1952. This model used a Ford-milt four-cylinder engine with a 3-3/16 x 3-3/4-inch bore and stroke.
 
In 1938 Ferguson and a small staff took his plow-tractor combination to Ford and the two formed a partnership that favored both sides. It provided Ferguson a manufacturer for his idea and Ford an idea to manufacture. Ford invested $12,000,000 in tooling costs and helped Ferguson finance his new distribution company. In 1939 Ford introduced the 9N tractor that became known as the Ford Tractor with the Ferguson System. The 9N had rubber tires, power takeoff, Ferguson hydraulics, an electric starter, generator, and battery and it was priced at $585.
The Ford 9N Tractor and the Ford 2N tractors certified the engineering ideas Harry Ferguson had struggled for decades to prove. Yet when Ford introduced the 8N that utilized Ferguson's invention Ferguson's name was no longer on the tractor and no royalties were paid to Ferguson. The handshake agreement between Ford and Ferguson was dissolved and Ferguson filed a law suit against Ford that dragged on for four years and resulted with Ferguson receiving a $9.25 million settlement from Ford.
 

FORD 8N
Ford 8N Tractors

Ford 8N tractors made their debut in 1947, with production continuing until 1952. This model used a Ford-milt four-cylinder engine with a 3-3/16 x 3-3/4-inch bore nd stroke.
Fierce competition
By the end of World War I the competition between several tractor manufacturers was fierce. International Harvester could no longer simply rely on their past successes. Chief competitors included Massey-Harris, Case, and Deere who had just entered the tractor business in 1919 when they purchased the Waterloo Boy outfit. In addition to these established companies, the automaker Henry Ford had established a separate company called Henry Ford and Son for the purpose of producing farm tractors and in 1917 Ford's tractor company introduced the Fordson. This smaller, lighter tractor was so well accepted that in 1923 Ford produced more than 100,000 of them.

International Harvester countered with the 10-20 McCormick-Deering in 1922. This was a smaller version of the 15-30 that they had introduced in 1921. Case and John Deere also brought out new, smaller, lighter, less expensive models. However Ford still had more than 60% of the market.

Tractors in 1910 averaged 500 lbs per horsepower and the American farmers were ready for smaller tractors. International Harvester Co. took the lead ahead of Hart-Parr. Competition was fierce. Henry Ford had shipped 7, 000 small Fordsons to England by 1918. In 1918 International Harvester come out with the International 8-16 which weighed 3,300 lbs or 206 lbs per hp. The Fordson tractor that Ford introduced that same year weighed 2,700 lbs or 150 lbs per hp. Fordson passed International Harvester's tractors in production. To force a showdown, Ford cut his price by $230, to $395. International Harvester was forced to fight back by cutting the price of the Titan 10-20 to $700 and the International 8-16 to $670, including a plow. At this point both companies were selling below cost. International Harvester did not have the auto revenues that Ford had so they were fighting for their existence. Their salesmen turned every Fordson demonstration into a field contest, and International's tractors won each time. By the end of 1924, International Harvesters sales increased as their engineers continued to test general purpose tractors targeted at the Fordson's failures which included low ground clearance and its wheel placement that required too much maneuvering room.
 
1952 Ford 8N with Dearborn Road Maintainer Dearborn's catalog was extensive and included this Meili-Blumberg Model 19-35 road grader for mounting on Ford's 8N or 2N models.The Model 19-35 stretched out the small tractor, yielding a 14-foot wheelbase and a 39-foot turn circle. Combined weight was 6,900 pounds.
On April 9, 1952, Harry Ferguson accepted U.S. Judge Gregory Noonan's settlement agreement with Ford. Dearborn Motors reimbursed Ferguson $9.25 million for patent infringements. During the 54 weeks of the trial, many of Ferguson's patents had entered the public domain. Ford agreed to discontinue production of the hydraulic system using Ferguson's reservoir-side hydraulic pump by the end of the 1952 model year. Ferguson, who had begun producing Ford 9N look a likes that he marketed as Ferguson TE-20 and TO- 20 (for Tractor, Europe, 20 horsepower, and Tractor, Overseas, 20 horsepower), suffered in the final settlement for his success. He had manufactured nearly 140,000 of the 9N clones without Ford's permission for the tractor design. Dearborn Motors already had a successor waiting. It was Henry II's idea, a tribute to his grandfather and his devotion to farin tractors, in honor of the corporation's fiftieth anniversary. DMC's product-planning groups, always happy to have something new to plan, produce, and promote, liked the idea and they pushed for the Golden Jubilee model.
 
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FORDSON
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Fordson

Henry Ford made no public announcement before introducing this, his first Ford Tractor . A group of promoters in Minneapolis hired a young man named Ford and brought out "The Ford Tractor" ahead of Henry Ford, although it was not a success. This was why Ford named his tractor "Fordson."
FORD
Ferguson 9N
Ford 9N Tractor
Ford Ferguson 9N

The first Ford 9N was built in 1939. It used the company's own four-cylinder engine, which carried a 3-3/16 x 3-3/4-inch bore and stroke. The unique feature of the 9N tractor was the fact that it was equipped with a unique three-point-hitch system. The Ferguson System consisted of a combined linkage and hydraulic control, applicable to a wide variety of implements and was perfected in 1935 after 17 years of engineering development by Harry Ferguson.
FORD NAA
Ford NAA Tractor
The 3PT War
a $9.25 million dollar settlement agreement against Ford. Ford agreed to discontinue production of the hydraulic system using Ferguson's reservoir-side hydraulic pump by the end of the 1952 model year. 1953 saw the release of the Ford NAA Ferguson, who had begun producing Ford 9N look-alikes that he marketed as Ferguson TE-20 and TO- 20 , suffered in the final settlement for his success. He had manufactured nearly 140,000 of the 9N clones without Ford's permissio  

FORD 900
 


Ford 900
Wearing the famous gray and red color scheme of the historic Ford 8N Ford's "900" tractor series, introduced in 1955, was historically significant as the company's first "tricycle" or row crop tractors. The Model 961 was a later edition of the series, appearing around 1959. It was of row-crop design and part of Ford's Powermaster line.  

International Harvester Farmall H
International Harvester Farmall H
International Harvester Farmall H was the redesigned sequel to the Farmall F-20. The Farmall H had a new engine that used a water pump. The H was introduced the same year as the popular Farmall M and since both models shared the same frame, mounted farm implements were interchangeable.  
 

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