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Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company

The Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company was the first company to manufacture and sell gasoline powered farm tractors. Based in Waterloo, Iowa, the company was created by John Froelich and a group of Iowa businessmen in 1893, and was originally named the Waterloo Gasoline Traction Engine Company. In 1892, Froelich had invented the first practical gasoline powered tractor, and the new company was given the opportunity to manufacture and sell the tractor Froelich designed. Unfortunately, the tractor was not successful commercially, and of the four tractors built by the company only two were purchased, and these were later returned to the company by unsatisfied customers In 1895, the company was sold to John W. Miller and renamed the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company. Miller decided to stop producing tractors and instead focus on building plain gasoline engines. .
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john deere D
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Following several years of research and development, the company once again began to manufacture tractors in 1911, but none would sell well until 1913, when twenty "Waterloo" tractors were produced. In 1914 the company introduced the Model R Waterloo Boy. This tractor proved immensely popular, and over eight thousand were sold before the line was discontinued in 1918. The company also had great success with the Model N, which was introduced in late 1916. Despite the company's name, both the Model R and Model N burned kerosene for fuel. By this time, several other companies had begun to build and sell tractors, but the Waterloo Boy was easily one of most popular. John Deer Waterloo Boy Logo
  In 1918, Deere & Company, purchased the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Company for $2,200,000. Deere & Company had been anxious to enter the growing tractor market, but its own initial designs had proved unsuccessful. Executives at Deere & Company decided to purchase the Waterloo Gasoline Engine Co. because field tests indicated that the Waterloo Boy tractor had the best performance. After the sale was completed, the company became known as the John Deere Tractor Company, but tractors produced by the company continued to be sold under the Waterloo Boy name until 1923, when the John Deere D was introduced.
john deere histoy 1830 john deere histoy 1840 john deere timeline 1850   john deere john deere john deere john deere histoy

Percentage of Tractor Sales by Manufacturer (1935) Percentage of sales
International Harvester 49.5%
John Deere 24.5
Allis Chalmers 9.5
Case 7.1
Oliver 3.6
Minneapolis-Moline 3.6
Massey-Harris 0.7
Others 1.5
John Deere Fordson and International
In 1927 Henry Ford quits the tractor business. The price war he waged put dozens of others out too, leaving only the strongest and most innovative tractor companies to survive. Ford's Fordson had failings that became more apparent as the others improved. This killed Ford's mass-production machine. Both John Deere and International Harvester learned from the battle with Ford. Each streamlined its production and improved its product. In 1929 International Harvester was the number one Farm Tractor producer and John Deer was number two.

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Used John Deer Tractors
John Deere GP 1929 The John Deere GP followed the basic design of the John Deere D . Introduced as a row-crop tractor the above pictured model was not nearly as popular as the tricycle configuration

John Deere A & B
In 1938 The John Deere A and it's little brother the John Deere B were the first two styled tractors coming from John Deere
Apart from the styling the unstyled  Tractors were mechanically similar to the unstyled models
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John Deere 420

The true beginnings of Deere's industrial line is represented by the 420 Crawler-Loader, although it was still painted in agricultural colors. The first full, thirty-two-page brochure, A-1044, was issued in December 1956 by Dubuque, and covered the 320, 420, and 820 Industrial models and their matching equipment. The Utility 420 wheel models and the 420 Crawler-Loader are typical examples.
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